Sara; Bent og hans besætnings rejsebeskrivelser fra Sara
TicoTico; Bent og hans besætnings rejsebeskrivelser fra TICO-TICO
Tico-Tico's forlis
Skotlandsbilleder 2000
 

 

Disse billeder fundet på internet, får byen til at se overskuelig ud. Men tro mig, den er faktisk noget svær at finde rundt i. Jeg kunne sætte mange krydser på disse billeder over steder, der bør ses og føles, selv om det ofte er steder man bare vil passere, uden at bemærke dem i første omgang.

Cartagene er i høj grad en by, hvor der er brug for en (meget) lokalkendt guide. Hvis nu engang I træffer mig i Cartagenas gader - enten som person eller genganger - så vil jeg prøve at blive lokalkendt i mellemtiden....

Christian

 

Cartagenas historie i stikordsform bare for at godtgøre, at det ikke har været kedeligt hele tiden:

Cartagena (Carthagene, or Cartagena de Indias), a is a large port city on the north coast of Colombia. Founded in 1533 by Don Pedro de Heredia it was named after the port of Cartagena in Spain's Murcia region. Cartagena was major port of the Spanish Main but was located near the beginning of the trade route instead of the end. As such it was not normally the best candidate for pillaging. Today it continues to be an economic hub as well as a popular tourist destination for Colombia.

 

At the time of its founding Cartagena the area was populated by the Calamarí people. This native population was part of a native tribe called the Mocanáes; they were believed to be fierce and warlike and it is claimed that even women in battle.

Within a few years of the Spanish arrival a walled military fortress was erected to protect the city against the plundering of English, Dutch and French pirates. Despite the precautions, the city was attacked many times.

One of the early attacks came in 1551 when the French pirate Roberto Baal forced Governor Pedro de Heredia to flee. The pirates demanded an unspecified ransom of gold and silver and left upon payment.

Eight years later another French pirate, Martín Cote arrived in Cartagena demanding a ransom to prevent a total destruction of the city. It is said Maridalo had put up a stiff resistance but the plunder taken by Cote was enormous.

The most famous privateer/ pirate to attack Cartagena was Francis Drake. Drake attacked the city in 1572. As he attacked a large number of Spaniards fled to Turbaco, a nearby village leaving the rest of Cartagena unprotected and helpless. It is claimed that Drake burned the houses and destroyed a nave of the Cathedral in Cartagena. The ransom for the city was estimated 107,000 ducats, an unknown amount of gems and jewels, 80 artillery pieces and other assorted goods.

Also in 1568, the English pirate, John Hawkins attempted for seven days to take the city but left empty handed.

By the 1600s, the Spanish began improving the defenses of the city and many of the fortresses built at this time, remain intact today. The improved fortifications did much to stop the continual attacks by organized large scale attacks by pirates and privateers of nations at war with Spain.

Probably the most serious threat to Cartagena after Drake was Captain Henry Morgan’s aborted attack in 1668.

Fearing an expected invasion of Jamaica in October 1668 Governor Modyford gave Morgan permission to make pre-emptive attacks on Spanish ships and ports. Modyford and Morgan agreed that Cartagena, Spain's biggest harbor would be a good choice.

Unfortunately while Morgan was at Cow Island his ship the Oxford exploded under mysterious conditions. The explosion was estimated to have killed between 300 and 900 of Morgan’s men. With the loss of the ship and so many men Morgan felt that Cartagena would be too large a target. He decided to instead attempt the harbor town of Maracaibo.

The raid on Maracaibo while successful yielded little booty. Most of the city had fled before the buccaneers had landed. Morgan sent out search parties to track down some of the citizens hiding in the forests. They found at least some people, but still not much money was to be had. So Morgan instead decided to take his fleet further into the Lagoon of Maracaibo towards the town of Gibraltar at its southern end. But once again, the people were already gone.

There has been a lot of speculation on how the Oxford blew up and the lack of results during this voyage of Morgan. It has also been a stain on his career as a buccaneer.

After Morgan’s aborted attack, the Baron of Pointis was finally able to break into the city again in 1697. Slaves in the city revolted when Pointis attacked which aided in his ability to breech the city walls. When the slaves realized the Pointis wasn't going to stick around they quickly dropped their support, concerned more with what retribution they would face once Pointis left.

The last real attack came in 1741 and was led by Admiral Edward Vernon, this time a regular English Navy attack. Cartagena was able to resist the 350 bombs that the English dropped onto the city. After a bloody fight and numerous loses, Vernon suspended the attack and left for Jamaica.

Se Det glemte slag

Cartagena was famous (or infamous) as being on of only two Spanish colonial cities that possessed a Slave market; the other city being Vera Cruz Mexico. The first African slaves were brought by Pedro de Heredia were forced to open roads so the Spaniards could raid the tombs of the Sinu in search of silver and gold. They also were used for cutting sugar cane and building of fortresses.

The Spanish Inquisition also operated from Cartagena beginning in 1610. The Inquisition Palace was finished in 1770 and is still there with its original features of colonial times.

Cartagena declared its complete independence from Spain on November 11th, 1811. At this point the inquisitors were urged to leave the city. The Inquisition returned after the Re-conquest in 1815, but it disappeared for good when Spain surrendered six years later when Simón Bolívar led Colombia to complete independence. . During its two centuries of existence, the Inquisition carried out twelve autos-da-fé (Public announcement of the sentences imposed by the Inquisition). In total 767 defendants were punished with at least six being burned at the stake.

In colonial times, the Spaniards also built a series of constructions and fortresses to defend the city, such as San Sebastian de Pastelillo Fort, in Manga neighborhood, and the Saint Philip of Barajas Castle, in honor of the King Philip IV.

In the 18th century, the Vaults were constructed by the Spanish engineer Antonio de Arévalo. Outside the city, San Fernando and San José forts were located strategically at the entrance of the bay to entrench the pirate vessels that attacked the city.

 

2013_04_24 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia til Danmark
positioner
2012_03_13 Honduras
2012_03_09 Honduras
2012_02_15 Danmark Honduras
31/01 2011 Honduras
25/03 2010 Stillehavet og vestpå
25/02 2010 Panamapassagen
13/01 2010 Cali - Honduras
12/05 2009 Buenaventura
26/04 2009 Roatan, Honduras
02/04 2009 Cayos Cochinos
13/03 2009 Dieselpest + en invitation
07/03 2009 La Saiba, Honduras
24/02 2009 Fra Guatemala til Guanaja
22/01 2009 Tikal
24/12 2008 Jul i Guatemala - julehilsen
02/12 2008 Guatemala City
12/11 2008 Tilbage i Guatemala
12/04 2008 Rapport fra Rio Dulce, Nicaragua
06/03 2008 Rio Dulce, Guatemala
07/02 2008 Til Isla de Providencia
26/01 2008 ab Cartagena
20/11 2007 Cartagena
24/06 2007 Danmark
20/05 2007 Miramar
10/03 2007 Panama
21/02 2007 Februar
30/12 2006 Julen
14/12 2006 Catagena
07/11 2006 - 2/12 2006 Cartagena - Povenir / San Blas / retur
17/09 2006 Saludo Dinamarca
16/06 2006 Hjemme i Danmark
21/05 2006 Rejsebrev Jamaica
06/05 2006 Jamaica -> Colombia
22/04 2006 Jamaica
19/04 2006 Jamaica
12/04 2006 Jamaica
31/03 2006 Cuba - Jamaica
24/03 2006 Cuba - Jamaica
02/03 2006 Cuba
09/02 2006 Cuba
08/02 2006 Cuba
02/02 2006
25/01 2006 fra Karsten Staffelt
14/01 2006
11/01 2006
Fra Carsten Staffelt
31/12 2005 Honduras
24/12 2005
05/12 2005
01/12 2005
Cartagena 11/6 2005
Billeder af Cartagena
Andrés/Boca-Chica, Isla Beate og Cartagena, Colombia
Rejsebrev 15-5-05
Billeder fra Caribien
20_04_2005 Andrés, Den Dominikanske Republik
Republica Dominica d. 20/4 05
Fra Anguilla d.28/3 05
Fra St. Pierre d. 18/2 05
Sara i Caribien 24/2 2005
Grenadine 1/2 05
Robbery
Bent på indkøb i Caribien
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